What are the main disability categories and subcategories for Paralympic athletes?

What are the disability categories for the Paralympics?

Paralympics welcomes athletes from six main disability categories: amputee, cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, visually impaired, spinal injuries and Les Autres (French for “the others”, a category that includes conditions that do not fall into the categories mentioned before).

What are 5 of the disability groups in the Paralympics?

These include Visual Impairment, Intellectual Impairment, and eight different types of Physical Impairment:

  • Impaired muscle power.
  • Impaired passive range of movement.
  • Loss of limb or limb deficiency.
  • Leg-length difference.
  • Short stature.

What are the three main categories of the Paralympics?

There are six categories in total: visual impairment; intellectual disability; amputee; those with cerebral palsy, wheelchair athletes; and another category called Les Autres, which includes dwarfism and multiple sclerosis. Those with intellectual impairment have been readmitted to the games this time around.

How many disability categories does the International Paralympic Committee Recognise?

Paralympic athletes are classified “based on their impairment,” according to the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). There are 10 categories outlining different characteristics athletes with disabilities may have, including “impaired muscle power” and “visual impairment.”

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What are the various classifications given for athletes on the basis of their disability?

There are four classifications for wheelchair athletes with cerebral palsy and similar movement disorders: T31, T32, T33 and T34. There are also four classes for wheelchair athletes with other impairments, such as spinal cord injury.

What are the four categories in the Paralympics?

Classes 1-5 are for wheelchair athletes. Classes 6-10 are for standing athletes. Finally, class 11 is for athletes with intellectual impairments. Within the wheelchair and standing classes, the lower the number, the greater the impact the impairment has on an athlete’s ability to compete.

What do the categories mean in the Paralympics?

The prefix S denotes the class for freestyle, backstroke and butterfly. SB denotes the class for breaststroke, and SM denotes the class for individual medley. So S1, SB1 and SM1 are for athletes with severe disabilities, while S10, SB9 and SM10 are for those with minimal disabilities.

How do the Paralympic categories work?

Classes are determined by assessors who allocate which group Paralympians compete. For example, swimmers will be given the prefix ‘S’ then a number which corresponds to their level of impairment. A Cyclist would be given ‘C’ then a number and a track athlete ‘T’ followed by a number.

What is F20 disability?

F20 is for field athletes who have an intellectual impairment. They find it hard to understand and apply new techniques and strategies, and to cope with busy competition environments.